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The 16 Biosphere Reserves in Canada are both geographic areas and convener organizations dedicated to balance economic development with sustaining healthy ecosystems. They are designated because of the expressed engagement of local communities to work towards these goals and are designated by UNESCO through its Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme. Increasingly, Biosphere Reserves are recognized as learning or model areas for sustainability. Three core functions of Biosphere Reserves are conservation; sustainable development; and providing support for research, demonstration, and learning.
UNESCO’s MAB Programme
UNESCO’S Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) was launched as an Intergovernmental Scientific Programme aiming to enhance the understanding of socio-ecological systems and to support capacity-building towards the sustainable use of natural resources. Its interdisciplinary and practical approach seeks to foster creative solutions to allow for human development while conserving the planet's life support systems. Having celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2011, MAB continues to evolve by supporting the sharing of knowledge between scientists and practitioners and among local, regional and international levels to developing strategies based on common objectives. Biosphere Reserves are the main mechanism, by which MAB objectives are implemented, tested, and redefined.
The Canadian MAB Committee is an ad hoc committee of the Canadian Commission for UNESCO that guide the implementation of UNESCO’s MAB mandate by utilizing a ''Canadian-approach'' to developing Biosphere Reserves. This approach emphasizes community-based partnerships and bottom-up strategies.
Stakeholders map-MAB programme and Biosphere Reserves in Canada (Credit: Colleen George)
Learning from each other: proven good practices in Canadian Biosphere Reserves [PDF, 10.1 MB]
EuroMAB conference 2013: For the first time in North America! Learn more about this international event to be hosted by the Frontenac Arch Biosphere Reserve, in Brockville, Ontario, from October 15th-19th, 2013.
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